At the end of the Ramadan fasting period, Indonesian Muslims celebrate Eid ul-Fitr, also known locally as lebaran. During lebaran, many urban city dwellers, especially Muslims, return to their home towns or villages, usually in the rural areas. For this reason, the government usually declares a one-week (five-day) holiday to allow the massive orderly outflow and inflow of people from and back to the cities.
The trend for holidays over long weekends became increasingly common after the Bali bombing of 2002 (which left more than 200 people dead) and the second Bali bombing of 2005. The immediate effect of the bombing was a sharp decline in tourism to Bali, as many foreign tourists cancelled their trips to the island. It is hoped that the long weekend holidays created by the government in this way will encourage Indonesians to travel domestically, especially to Bali, thus preventing the sudden collapse of the tourism industry.