Surtsey is a volcanic island close to the southern coast of Iceland. It is a new island formed by volcanic eruptions taking place between 1963 and 1967 when the island reached its maximum size of 2.7 km2. Since then, wind and wave erosion and other influences have seen the island steadily diminish in size. The island has been of greatest interest both of volcanologists during Surtsey’s formation and biologists as life has gradually colonized the originally barren land. Today only a small number of scientists are allowed to land on Surtsey. This helps the natural ecological processes to proceed without any human interference. Over its short history, at least 60 species of plant and 89 species of bird (fulmar, guillemot, gull, puffin) have been found on Surtsey.